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Update on Taxation Changes Affecting Private Corporations

Owners of private corporations should be concerned about proposed tax changes being explored by the Department of Finance.  In the Federal Budget of March 2017, Finance expressed their concern that private corporations were being used by high income Canadians to obtain tax advantages that were not available to other Canadian tax payers.  That concern led to the release of a consultation paper along with draft legislation last July.  Finance asked for input from interested parties and stakeholders during a consultation period that ended in October 2017.

What happens now is anyone’s guess and most likely, we will probably have to wait until the Spring to find out. There were three specific tax planning strategies employed by private corporations that the department was most concerned with: Read more

The Importance of Critical Illness Insurance in Retirement Planning

There are a number of obstacles that could potentially de-rail a comfortable retirement. These include marriage breakdown, a stock market crash, and being sued. Another huge obstacle would be the diagnosis of a life threatening critical illness affecting you or your spouse. While it might be difficult to insulate yourself against some of the threats to retirement security, Critical Illness insurance goes a long way to mitigate the financial disaster that could result from a change in health as we approach retirement.

Considering that the wealth of many Canadians is comprised of the equity in their homes and the balance of their retirement plans, having to access funds to combat a dreaded illness could put their retirement objectives in jeopardy. Imagine that you are just a few years into or approaching retirement and you or your spouse suffers a stroke. The prognosis is for a long recovery and the cost associated with recovery and care is projected to be substantial. Statistics show that 62,000 Canadians suffer a stroke each year* with over 80% surviving* many of whom would require ongoing care. Since 80% of all strokes happen to Canadians over 60 those unlucky enough could definitely see their retirement funding jeopardized. Read more

TFSA or RRSP 2018

One of the most common investment questions Canadians ask themselves today is, “Which is better, TFSA or RRSP”?

Here’s the good news – it doesn’t have to be an either or choice.  Why not do both? Below are the features of both plans to help you understand the differences.

Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA) 

  • Any Canadian resident age 18 or over may open a TFSA. Contribution is not based on earned income.  There is no maximum age for contribution.
  • Maximum contribution is $5,500 per year.
  • There is carry forward room for each year in which the maximum contribution was not made. For those who have not yet contributed to a TFSA, the cumulative total contribution room as of 2017 is $52,000.  Read more

The Genetic Non-Discrimination Act and its Impact on Life Insurance

One of the many advancements in medicine has been the use of genetic testing in determining the probability that an individual will develop a life- threatening illness or condition.   Knowing that you or your children are not at risk of a major illness can be of great comfort while knowledge to the contrary can be of great value in preventative treatment and planning.  There was a growing concern, however, that individuals would be very reluctant to undergo genetic testing if knowing the results could affect their ability to properly insure themselves or impact their opportunities for employment.  As a result, a private member’s bill, Bill S-201, was introduced in the senate resulting in the Genetic Non-Discrimination Act being recently enacted into law.

What does the Act do?

It is now illegal for employers, insurance companies, or any other entity or individual to require anyone to undergo genetic testing or to disclose the results of a genetic test before entering into a contract which provides goods or services.  Now, if you apply for life, disability or critical illness insurance living benefit coverage, you cannot be denied coverage due to the results of a genetic test.  Insurance companies and their agents are also prohibited from “collecting, using or disclosing” the results of a genetic test without an individual’s written consent. Penalties for not complying with the new law are severe. Read more

How to Keep the Family Business Thriving For Generations to Come

Most corporate dynasties fail to make it to a second generation, making these Canadian firms thriving under the leadership of the founder’s grandkids (and great-grandkids!) truly remarkable

Izzy Asper never wanted his children to work at Canwest Global Communications, the now defunct media empire he founded. His drive and hunger for acquisitions turned Canwest into one of the most powerful firms in Canada and, for a time, earned the Aspers a spot on the Rich 100. He wanted his kids to succeed elsewhere, however.

“They were all practising lawyers and were doing very nicely on their own. It was they who got this dynastic glaze in their eyes—which I generally discouraged,” he told journalist Peter C. Newman. “I don’t believe in dynasties.” But his daughter, Gail, “slipped through the net” to become general counsel at Canwest, and brothers David and Leonard followed. It was under Leonard’s stewardship that Canwest filed for bankruptcy in 2009. Read more

Why Private Wealth Management?

I am asked frequently the benefits of being in the Private Wealth Management (PWM) stream versus investing in mutual funds and/or bank funds. In order to answer this, we define PWM as the following:

  • Minimum investment $500,000
  • Custodial account (TD/National Bank/Laurentian Bank) managed by an Investment Counsellor (IC)
  • IC buys and sells securities within your account based on a rigid Investment Management Agreement (IMA) signed by you
  • A fixed fee of between 1-2% per annum is charged monthly based on the dollar amount of your account
  • The portfolio is managed according to the “discretion” of the IC, and done without your signature or acknowledgement. You give the IC the authority to trade on your behalf

Read more

ARTICLES OF INTEREST

18
Feb

Why have a will when you have beneficiaries?

You give up some control when you just have beneficiaries and no will

by Ed Olkovich for MoneySense magazine

Q: I am married. I have RRIF and LIRA and my spouse has RRSPs. We have joint cashable accounts too. We have appointed each other as beneficiaries for every account. I am told this arrangement takes longer to settle on death if there is no will. Why do I still need a will?

—Krish

Click to read the answer to this question on the MoneySense website.

15
Feb

Cardinal Update – February 2018

NAFTA – Concerns surrounding NAFTA have been top of mind as a sixth round of negotiations wrapped up in late January. There is a real risk of a U.S. announcement to pull out from NAFTA. This may well be a negotiating tactic; however, the Canadian market would react negatively. Over the longer term, the markets will adjust to whatever new trade rules take the place of NAFTA. But until then, the uncertainty could impact various companies including Magna and Gildan.

Click here to read more:  Cardinal Update – February 2018

25
Jan

Cardinal Quarterly – January 2018

MARKET OUTLOOK – The fourth quarter ended strongly with markets across the globe seeing sharp gains. What were already high valuations have stretched even further as economic data from across the globe has been excellent. Our view is that we are not yet at the peak of the bull market and 2018 should be another good year for equity markets. None of the traditional recession indicators are flashing red, or even yellow, and though stocks appear to be fully valued, they still look cheap relative to other asset classes like bonds, most areas of the real estate market, and especially bubbles like Bitcoin.

Click here to read more:  Cardinal Quarterly – January 2018